A small cut can cause serious consequences if you suffer from diabetes. In addition to this, diabetics often experience numbness in the feet. This is caused by diabetic nerve damage.Diabetes can reduce the amount of blood flow to the extremities, including the feet, which can make injuries difficult to heal and increase the risk of an infection. Because of the numbness and decreased blood flow, you may not feel a foreign object in your shoes, which can cause a blister or a sore. When a sore occurs, you are at an increased risk of developing an infection, which can increase the risk of a foot, toe or leg amputation.
To avoid serious problems with your feet, you need to know these guidelines and follow them.
* You should look at your feet every day. Look for problems with your nails, redness, swelling, blisters or cuts. A magnifying mirror can help you inspect the soles of your feet. If you notice any issues, contact your physician immediately.
* Only soak your feet in lukewarm, not hot, water. Wash your feet daily and use the same temperature that you would bathe a newborn in.
* When you are washing your feet, be gentle. Use a sponge or a soft washcloth to wash your feet. Then blot or pat your feet dry with a soft towel, paying close attention to the areas between your toes.
* Moisturize your feet daily; however, avoid applying moisturizer or lotion between your toes. A moisturizer will help to prevent dry, itchy or cracked skin. Avoid moisturizer between your toes because it can result in a fungal infection.
* Carefully trim your nails. Never cut your toenails too short because it can cause ingrown toenails. Furthermore, clip nails straight across and then file the edges. If you are concerned about your toenails, talk with your doctor.
* Consider a pair of proper footwear like these Dr Comfort shoes made for people with diabetes.
* If you develop a corn or a callus, leave it to the professionals. Never use medicated pads or try to remove the callus yourself. Instead, contact your doctor.
* Change socks daily. If your feet sweat, you may need to change your socks more often.
* Choose socks that are made especially for diabetic patients. These socks come above the ankle and do not have elastic tops. In addition to this, the material used helps to wick moisture away from your feet and provide extra cushioning.
* If you have cold feet at night, wear socks to bed rather than using a hot water bottle or a heating pad.
* Shake your shoes out and feel the inside of your shoes before you wear them. Because your feet may not feel a foreign object in your shoe, it is important that you check out your shoes before donning them.
* Make sure that your feet remain dry and warm. Avoid getting your feet wet from rain or snow and wear warm socks and shoes to protect your feet.
* Use an antiperspirant on the bottom of your feet to prevent sweaty feet.
* Avoid walking barefoot as you could injure your feet.
* Avoid smoking.
* Keep your glucose levels in check.
* Have your feet examined by a doctor regularly as this can help prevent complications.